The first annual report for the Australian Research Council Special Research Centre for Quantum Computer Technology was submitted to the Australian Government in March 2001. Following is an executive summary.
The Centre's research has been divided into ten coordinated programs and makes use of an extensive array of facilities at The University of New South Wales (UNSW), The University of Queensland (UQ) and The University of Melbourne (UM). The Centre's research programs are focused towards the principal objective to carry out nationally-coordinated experimental and theoretical research programs leading to the construction of a silicon-based quantum computer prototype, together with other high potential implementations.
The central quantum computer device fabrication takes place at UNSW's Semiconductor Nanofabrication Facility and Atomic Fabrication Facility. Single ion implantation development for the 'top down' program and its characterisation by advanced scanned probe techniques takes place at UM's Microanalytical Research Centre. Quantum measurement of the quantum computer devices and related nanostructures is undertaken at UNSW's National Magnet Laboratory, which hosts an extensive range of cryogenic and electrical measurement platforms. Optical spectroscopy is undertaken at UQ's Centre for Laser Studies and both solid state theory and quantum information theory including algorithm development is concentrated at UQ with linked theory studies at UM and most recently UNSW.
The combination of experimental and theoretical research within the Centre requires extensive collaboration both amongst the nodes (UNSW, UQ and UM) and with other research groups nationally and internationally. The Centre has very close links with the US and the research coordination extends to collaborating research groups at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), formalised by a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement in which the benefits of the joint research, to Australia and the US, are set out. This collaboration has been consolidated by a number of exchange visits with our LANL colleagues that have involved key LANL researchers working at the Centre for extended periods reciprocated by Centre researchers and a number of our postgraduate students working at LANL.